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Android Smartphone charging problems
It has happened to many of us smartphone users. One fine day the phone does not get charged fully or does not get charged at all.
This can have various causes, but by far the most frequent cause is that the charger has gone sour. These chargers are, unfortunately, not built to last. If this is indeed the cause, you will eventually have to get a new, better charger.
Other possible causes are:
To find the cause, swap the charger and swap the cable for testing. If everything is good, the phone should charge 5 to 10% in 10 minutes, so you can even go to a phone shop, borrow a strong charger for 10 minutes, and try it out.
Tool – Battery information
There are a few helpful tools. The easiest one gives you information about your battery. Call the number: * # * # 4 6 3 6 # * # *
The same, but easier to remember: * # * # I N F O # * # *
You will get a menu. Tap "Battery information". There will be a line "Battery health:", which should show "Good". If it does not show "Good", your battery is most likely dead or near-dead.
Be careful with this menu. Some of the other menu choices lead to settings that should not be changed.
Tool – App "Ampere" by Braintrapp
Another helpful tool is the app, "Ampere" by Braintrapp. It can show you at any time how much electrical current, measured in mA (Milliampere) flows in or out of the battery.
Assuming a phone with a maximal charging current of 1 A, your charger should provide up to 1 A = 1,000 mA current. While the phone and particularly its screen is on, the phone itself will consume around 200 to 300 mA of that, so the rest, 700 to 800 mA, should flow into the battery to recharge it.
Newer phones can use 1.5 A, 2.1 A, or some other maximal charging current.
When the phone is not charged, the app shows you how much current is drawn out of the battery.
Note that the charging current is much lower when the battery is nearly full. This is normal.
If your charger went bad and you cannot quickly get a new one, you may still be able to charge your phone at least partly and very slowly by powering it down, then letting it charge overnight. Powering down does not make a big difference, because the phone does not use much power anyway while the screen is off, but it helps a little. In the long run you probably need a new charger though.
You can use any charger without damaging anything. You can also connect the USB cable to a computer, but there you will get only up to 500 mA current, so charging will take about two to three times as long for a phone with 1,000 mA maximal charging current or even more for phones with a higher current.
For fast charging the charger should provide at least the maximal charging current of the phone. With weaker chargers the phone will step down the current and will charge more slowly.
If you have to buy a new charger, make sure it provides at least the maximal charging current of the phone. And it may be a good idea to get one in its original packaging, to avoid buying chargers that have been abandoned by their previous owners because they have already failed there.
It does not have to be an original charger made by the manufacturer of the phone. I think that Samsung chargers may be the worst. As long as the micro-USB plug fits your phone, the charger will work.
A stronger charger does not hurt. The phone determines the current, and it will never draw more than its designed maximal charging current, even if the charger can provide much more. Chargers with 1.5 A and 2.1 A are common and work well. I have a 10 A (10,000 mA) charger at home with 5 charging ports, and all phones charge nicely from that as well.
USB cables are problematic because they are often too thin for fast charging. They will all charge your phone overnight, but long, thin cables may not sustain the required voltage at currents like 1 A or more, so the charging can be slower. If in doubt, get a short cable and avoid very thin cables.
If you can use Amazon, a good idea for fast charging is to buy one of the charge-only cables made by portapow. They have red plugs and no data lines, so don't try to exchange data through them, but they have thick power lines, suitable even for higher currents up to 2.1 A. The ones with green plugs are data cables, so their charge performance is not as good, but not too bad either.
Smartphones are designed to lower the current when the charger and the cable do not provide the proper voltage of 5 V with a tolerance of plus or minus 0.25 V, as defined by the USB standard. With a good charger, a good cable, and a clean micro-USB socket our phones charge quickly, from empty to full in about two and a half hours.
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