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ICS without logon
ICS without logon
ICS (Internet Connection Sharing) by default does not dial out when nobody is logged on locally to the ICS server. I believe this is a defect and hope that it will be repaired in a future update, as it makes no sense to me.
Meanwhile you can use one of the known workarounds.
With the appearance of cheap WAN (Wide Area Network) routers like the DrayTek series or the even cheaper SMC routers, this is certainly one of the best ways out, particularly for cable or DSL Internet connections. For high loads like file sharing you have to use a better one, as the very cheap ones will crash and falter under high loads (example: SMC 7004 VBR), so in that case turn to DrayTek or another high-quality router maker.
To the best of my current knowledge, ICS always auto-dials when an administrator is logged on, so the automatic administrator logon solves this problem.
In many cases, though not always, ICS dials when a guest is logged on. I have not yet found out when this works and when it fails, but when it fails, then somebody can walk up to the ICS server, log on as guest, and establish the connection by hand. After that ICS seems to auto-dial as well.
I got ICS to work without anybody being logged on locally to the ICS server with the following convoluted procedure (no guarantee at all, but please report back if you try it).
Everything has to be done on the ICS server.
Note: For the following steps you need to work with the guest account. On non-english versions of Windows do not use the account "Guest", even if it exists. Always use the predefined, localized account. For example in the German version the guest account is named "Gast". "Guest" will not work there. Any other account does not work either.
If something goes wrong, you can reverse everything by deleting the entire guest profile, and renaming ntuser.da$ in the Default User profile to ntuser.dat after deleting the newly created ntuser.dat.
(Procedure originally developed by Hans-Georg Michna. Thanks to Thomas Osthege for important additions and testing.)
Hangup when another user logs on
A related problem is that ICS hangs up when another local user on the ICS server logs on. The solution depends on the version of Windows.
When not in a domain, the behavior of RAS during Fast User Switching can be controlled from the New Connection Wizard, which offers the two settings "Anyone who uses this computer" and "My use only". The default is anyone, which means that the connection will stay open when switching users.
If this setting got changed, open Network Connections, right-click the dial-up connection in question and select Properties, Options. Check "Prompt for name and password, certificate, etc" and click OK. Then double-click the same connection and check "Save this user name and password for the following users" and click "Anyone who uses this computer". Finally click Dial.
See also the following Knowledge Base articles:
How to Keep RAS Connections Active After Logging Off (Q158909)
Behavior of RAS Connections With the Fast User Switching Feature (Q289669)
Windows NT or 2000
On add or change the following registry key on the ICS server.
The next thing to check is whether the RAS service is disabled (Start, Settings, Control panel, Services). It should be set up for manual start and should nonetheless get started automatically when RAS is used.
One more note: dial-up networking has an annoying habit—whenever user authentication fails, it immediately deletes the stored password and leaves the password field empty. Thus, every time this happens, you first have to enable the username-password dialog, do one manual logon, then disable the username-password dialog again.
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